A lot of people get skin moles without having much medical background on them. that is why almost the majority of them always want to know what causes moles to suddenly appear? And if all moles are the same.
Based on such curiosities we thought it would be a good idea to write this article with simple terms to make people more informed about the sudden appearance of moles.
What is a skin mole?
Normally it is a skin condition which is called NEVUS which is colored spots and growths on the human body which can be fair, pink, yellowish, light, brown, brown and even black. It appears on the skin of any person regardless of their age, gender or race.
Moles can be either flat which means smooth on the skin or raised which means grows out on top of the skin. you can develop skin moles on any part of your body with no exceptions such as legs arms butt chicks, neck, scalp, stomach….act. these growths can grow separately on in groups.
Some people are born with these growths and others develop them in their adulthood due to the sun exposure and sometimes hormonal changes. Although everyone one can get them, light skin people are more exposed to such a condition because of the lack of melanin production.
What causes moles to suddenly appear?
The medical association came to an agreement that there is no certain direct cause for skin moles to suddenly appear. However, there are some reasons that contribute to their sudden appearance.
If your family and parents tend developing skin moles, you probably going to do so as well.
Since moles are present at birth and appear later on in life doctors, explain that families tend to have similar medical history and skin moles development is no exception from that.
Everyone knows how unhealthy sun exposure can be on the skin. The ultraviolet lights cause the skin tissues to change to the worst resulting in different skin problems such as moles, moles, sagging, aging and makes the skin vulnerable, unprotected due to malfunction on the level of the amount system and hard to heal.
The skin fibers break down because of the UV lights causing long-term damages to the skin. The moles caused by the UV light are considered highly dangerous as it might lead to skin cancer (melanoma). Sun exposure can also cause wrinkles and skin discoloration(1).
Teenagers experience various hormonal changes during their puberty period. Such a process makes the body hormones all over the place some of them increase and the other ones decrease resulting in several bodies and skin changes along the way skin moles is one of them.
The moles which spread throughout puberty might be permanent as it might disappear over time(2).
Pregnancy moles are not dangerous unless they show the dangerous signs mentioned below.
Pregnant women experience hormonal changes that lead to the appearance of skin moles on several parts of the body. However, these moles disappear after giving birth the majority of times(3).
What’re the Types of Skin Moles?
In case you do not know the nature of the type of your mole. Down below is a list of all mole types so you can compare it with yours.
The type of moles which develop on the level of the two main layers of tissue which make the skin and they are called epidermis and dermis.
It can show the same symptoms as intradermal and junctional moles. Compound moles are raised and have even borders and a rather dark color.
It is referred to as halo mole because it is a pigmented never in the center surrounded by a white halo-like skin that lost pigmentation.
Lymphocytic infiltration of the skin cells causes it. Typically teenagers develop such types of moles, but it often goes away by time leaving a halo-like scar. This type is harmless and does not put your health at any risk.
It refers to the moles which are present on the skin since birth and they are referred to as birthmarks. The size of this mole differs from small, medium to large with uneven borders and shapes.
The color as well varies from light to dark depending on the age, where congenital moles tend to go darker and elevate on the surface of the skin with hair growing from them.
The size of your congenital moles is significant because this type develops into skin cancer as you grow older.
You need to take medical checks regularly to guarantee that it is not going to be a life threat for you.
Pigmented and rather raised moles, which has a brown do dark color. Junction moles typically occur between the ages of 8 till their twenties.
The main reason behind the appearance of junction moles is melanocytes located in the skin layers. And it goes even more rooted in the skin as time goes.
Also named dysplastic moles. They usually have uneven borders with different types of colors which range from mod-light to dark ones. This type is noticeably larger than other types.
Medical searches proved that atypical moles are not cancerous and do not lead to any serious health risk. However, doctors advise people who have multiple atypical moles to have regular health checks in order to catch any abnormal changes on the shape of such moles.
This is the most known type of moles to people. It starts appearing from childhood until the adulthood life. Acquired moles are harmless 99% of the time and do not pose any health risks what so ever. However, for the remaining percentage, it can develop into skin cancer in a rather rare case.
The primary trigger for such type of moles is sun exposure and how frequently you expose your skin and body to the radiations of the ultraviolet light.
This is the harmless type of moles. They are located in the middle layers of the skin (the dermis in particular). The color of this type ranges from light to light brown but never dark. Majority of people who develop such moles, they do so during their childhood and adulthood life.
Intradermal moles have a smooth and hairy surface almost all the times. It can be flat or raised either way don’t worry since they pose no health risk even if they look like compound moles.
Skin Moles to worry about – Warning signs
Common moles are very normal in all aspects such as shape, color, and size. However, if you notice the signs mentioned below it means your mole is abnormal and need to be checked.
In simple words, it means when you divide your mole into two halves, both halves need to look identical both in size, shape, and color. If you notice that your mole is not asymmetrical have it checked by your doctor for skin cancer signs.
Moles have even borders from all angles. This should not change and the borders of your mole get disfigured as you grow older if that is not the case again visit your doctor for skin cancer signs.
A normal mole should have a maximum of two colors if your mole contains more than two colors you need to visit your doctor as your mole is developing into skin cancer.
Common moles have a typical diameter of 6 mm. This is the normal one for hapless moles over time. If you doubt it is more or getting larger again visit your doctor for any indication of skin cancer.
Normally your mole should keep the second size over time. Any common mole does not witness any change in size, color, and shape.
When to see a doctor?
the following elements are abnormal reactions which occur on your mole area. if you notice any sign mentioned below make sure to visit your doctor.
Moles do not bleed unless they are scratched and inflamed.
If your mole is constantly scratching please hold back from scratching it in order to prevent bleeding and possible infection
change in size
Be aware of the size of your mole at initial stages and check them regularly if it gets bigger by time.
Change in shape
If your mole changes its shape from even to uneven including the borders it means it is showing warning signs warning signs.
change in color
Your mole needs to have one color if that changes and other colors are formed it means your mole is developing abnormal features that need to be checked by a doctor.
Lack of symmetry
This means that your mole starts to get an uneven shape, size, and color and you need to check with your doctor.
How to prevent getting skin moles?
there are certain precautions you can take in order to prevent the development of your moles. here are some of them.
- Go through regular medical checks for skin cancer.
- Refrain your self from scratch.
- Avoided sun exposure.
- Always apply sunblock.
- If your mole bleeds so try to cover it.